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Useful Links


Last update: 25 September 2017 - Below is a collection of 1,068 unique links to various meteorology-related websites you can use to enhance your weather knowledge.
*Note that this page has been optimized for a desktop/PC experience, and utilization of this page on mobile may yield unexpected results.

Use the navigation drop-down menu below to jump to the category you wish to view. Have links you want added to this page? Email

Featured Links:

Global Impact of Transporation <-- Many thanks to Mr. Justin Fox for sharing these resources with me!
The Importance of Effective Office Ventilation
The Importance of Clean Air in Education

Essential Guide to Flood Planning and Preparation <-- A comprehensive flood safety guide created by Ms. Kathy Sommers - Thanks!

Gardening for Beginners: The Ultimate Guide <-- A fantastic guide written and provided by Ms. Barbara Herring!

How to Minimize Flood Damage in your Home <-- A huge thank you to Mr. Sean Goddard for sharing this excellent resource with me!

The Importance of Clean Air in Education

The Current and Future State of Nonprofit Philanthropy <-- A big thanks to Ms. Keilah Keiser for sharing this information with me!

CDC Guide to Extreme Heat <-- All credit to Ms. Sarah Brian for the following seven resources:
Disaster Preparedness and Self-Storage - What You Need to Know
What You Need to Know to Keep Your Family and Your Belongings Safe
PA DMV Emergency Driving Tips
Emergency Preparedness for Seniors & the Disabled
Humane Society - Protect Your Pets
Ready for Anything: First Aid for Pets

"100 best places to visit in the world" by Jen Reviews <-- Thanks to Ms. Jen Miller for sharing this great guide with me!

Home Safety Guide - Natural Disasters <-- Thank you to Ms. Laura Pipitone for sharing this resource with me!

Tornado Safety Guide <-- Thanks to Ms. Grace for suggesting this resource!

Guide to Green Modifications to the Home <-- Many thanks to Mr. Cyrus Dylan for these five links:
Finding and Organizing Green Storage
Guide to Green Parenting
Shopping Green for your Pet
Getting Started with Green Living

Homeowner's Guide to Lightning Safety <-- Credit to Ms. Natalie Kelly for the following resources:
Disaster Preparation for your Home: What to Buy, What to Skip
Emergency Preparedness and Pets
Important Legal Documents for Emergency Preparedness
Emergency Preparedness for Seniors
How to Organize and Prepare for Disasters

El Nino Preparedness Guide for Homeowners <-- Thanks to Mr. Brian Jensen and New Life Restoration!

Weather Stock Photography from Fotosearch <-- Thanks to Mr. Cole Brown for these five links!
Weather Stock Photography from GoGraph
CanStockPhoto - Weather Photography Stock Photos and Images - Weather Photos and Posters - Weather Imagery and Art Prints Plus More!

Electricity and the Science of Lightning <-- Thank you, Ms. Megan and Leah Compton!

AreaVibes - (Find the best place to live weather-wise) <-- Thanks, Ms. Diana Walberg!

Essential Links:
National Weather Service [NWS]
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [NOAA]
American Meteorological Society [AMS] Glossary of Meteorology
UTC Time Conversion Table
Storm Prediction Center [SPC]
SPC Mesoscale Analysis
Cloud Classification
Natural Disaster & Emergency Preparedness
Severe Weather Impact Graphics
NWSChat Local Storm Report Viewer
Current Tornado Warnings (PDA Animated Weather)
CRONOS Advanced Analysis Map
Weather Prediction Center's [WPC] 4-7 Day Gridded Forecasts
Beta/Innovative Forecast from NWS
Central Carolina SKYWARN
Daily Weather Map Archive (Dates back to 1871 - Must download DjVu extension to view)
NWS Raleigh, NC Submit a Storm Report
NWS Daily Briefing
Current/Imminent U.S. Probabilistic Weather Hazards Outlook
mPing Data Display
Current CONUS Warnings (Geographic Information System Resources [GISR])
Weather Safety Information for Deaf and Hard of Hearing
The Official NIST US Time
IEMBot Anonymous Monitor - View Real-time weather alerts from the NWS

Exclusive to NC:
NWS RAH AFD (NWS Raleigh Area Forecast Discussion)
NWS Raleigh [KRAH]
NWS Newport/Morehead City [KMHX]
NWS Wilmington [KILM]
NWS Greenville/Spartanburg, SC [KGSP]
NWS Blacksburg, VA [KRNK]
State Climate Office of North Carolina
Climate Database (NWS Raleigh)
Model Forecast Precipitation for KGSO
Model Forecast Temperature Profile for KGSO
Current Advisories, Watches, and Warnings for North Carolina
iRisk - Natural Hazards in North Carolina
North Carolina Counties ranked by Land Area
2015 NC County Population Estimates
NCDOT: State Mapping Resources
Duke Energy Outage Map - Carolinas
NCDOT Traffic Heat Map
NC League of Municipalities - Population Data
North Carolina Railroad System [PDF]
National Forests in North Carolina [PDF]
NC OneMap GeoSpatial Portal
NC OneMap Data Layers [PDF]
Elevation Maps of Cities/Towns/Villages in North Carolina
North Carolina Gap Analysis Project [NC-GAP] Final Report
State Mapping Resources
Various County Data Estimates - NC Office of State Budget and Management [OSBM]
NC International Building Code Standards for Wind Speed
Disaster Declarations for North Carolina

Satellite Imagery:
Near Real Time (Orbit Swath) Images
NASA Earth Data MODIS Satellite Image Subset Selection
Aviation Weather Center Aviation Digital Data Service [ADDS]
GOES East 1-km Infrared Weather Satellite Image
Measuring Cloud Coverage
International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project [ISCCP]
Information about Clouds
NWS Satellite Data (GOES-10, GOES-12)
National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service [NESDIS]
Interactive Global Geostationary Weather Satellite Images
Short-term Prediction Research and Transition Center [SPoRT] GOES Imager
GOES Satellites
GOES Imagery at a Glance
Emergency Response Imagery
"NOAA Satellites helped save 307 lives in 2016"
GOES-16 Imagery from CoD
Land Viewer - LANDSAT-8 and SENTINEL-2 Satellite Imagery
GOES-16 Imagery from Univ. Wisconsin-Madison
GOES-16 Satellite Loop of the Day
EOSDIS Worldview - NASA
Google Earth Engine - World Satellite Timelapse
RAMMB-SLIDER GOES-16 Satellite Imagery Data Viewer
Copernicus Open Access Hub - ESA
Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment - GRACE
Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison - Real-Time U.S. Composite Satellite Animation
Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center - LPDAAC
GIBS Available Imagery Products
Globe at Night
SSEC Geostationary (GOES) Satellite Imagery





Meteorological Definitions/Descriptions:

NWS Glossary
Types of Thunderstorms
What is Vertically Integrated Liquid? [VIL]
What is a trough and a ridge?
The Dvorak Technique for Hurricane Strength Estimation
What are Degree Days?
Types of Lightning and Lightning Facts
What exactly is the Dew Point?
Wind Shear Tutorial
What causes wind?
What is temperature?
What is temperature? - another description
All about Air Pressure
Types of Derechoes
El Nino and La Nina Explained
Land and Sea Breeze Visualization
Collision-Coalescence Process
Relative Humidity/Temperature Visualization
Wet-Bulb Globe Temperature
Introduction to Mesoscale Meteorology
Description of the GFS MOS QPF Products and Categories
Description of the GFS MOS MAV Alphanumeric Message
SPC Convective Outlooks Descriptions
Enhanced F Scale for Tornado Damage
Spatial Scales of Weather
Weather Map Symbols for Clouds
Aeronautical Meteorology Abbreviations
Atmospheric Processes and Parametrizations
METAR/TAF Weather Report Abbreviations
Arcus Clouds
Alex's Weather Notes
Explaining "Probability of Precipitation"
Weather Station Symbols
"What exactly is temperature?"
Persistence Forecasting
Weather Instruments and Equipment Explained
What is a platinum resistance thermometer?
Element Abundances in the Earth's Atmosphere
Earth's Composition and Structure (PDF)
Earth's Atmospheric Layers
Weather Symbol ALT Codes
How much energy is in a thunderstorm?
Weather Symbol ALT Codes
Interpretation of Weather Forecast Terms
Supercell Thunderstorm Structure and Evolution [PDF]
Basic Information about Deformation Zones [PDF]
Abbreviations used in official forecast discussions
The Elevated Mixed Layer
Hurricanes and Tornadoes
Careers in Meteorology, Hydrology, Information Technology/Electronics Maintenance, and Physical Science

Education Modules/Tutorials/Notes:

Hodograph Module
Clouds Module - University of Illinois
Contrail Education
Windows to the Universe (slow link)
Principles of Convection I: Buoyancy and CAPE
Dew Forecasting - Iowa State Univ.
Surface Weather Plot Symbols - JetStream School by NWS
Science on a Sphere [SOS] Software Download
Primary Sources from Weather Forecasting History - Library of Congress
Classroom Activities for Weather Education
Meteorology Practice Test
^ Meteorology Practice Test Answers
The Cloud Lab
NOAA Weather Readiness Module
Jon Davies Severe Weather Notes
What is a Microburst? - NWS Birmingham, AL
Hurricane Tracks for Idealized Environment Flows
HotSeat: You be the Forecaster! (Beta)
Meteorology 432 Lectures - Iowa State Univ.

Weather Data Access/Information/History:

National Digital Forecast Database [NDFD]
Barometric Pressure Conversion (inches of mercury to millibars)
Air Sports Net - NC Barometric Pressure Map
Barometric Pressure Map from
Iowa Environmental Mesonet [IEM]
NCEP Ensemble Background
NWS WFO IDs and Locations
Current North American Surface Analysis
NWS Forecast Office Product Listing
North Carolina WIS
IEM SvrWx (Update map with current date)
NOAA's Weather and Climate Toolkit
NCEI Storm Events Database
NOAA's Severe Weather Data Inventory
May 8, 2008 NC Severe Weather Event Summary
Contour Analysis (CIMSS)
Surface Weather Analysis Chart
Weather.Org - Weather History
Today in Weather History
The Online Tornado FAQ
The 25 Deadliest U.S. Tornadoes
"Simple Ways to Save Money and Natural Resources at Work"
The Weather Window
National Centers for Environmental Information [NCEI] Data Access
Wet Bulb Globe Temperature Monitoring
Western North Carolina Vitality Index
National High and Low Temperature Archive
Collection of Annual Equinox/Solstice Dates and Times
Links to Natural Hazards Data in NOAA
Weather Quality Reporter - Gladstone Family
Precipitation Systems Research Group - Colorado State University
3D Interactive Earth Globes
USGS LandsatLook Viewer
USGS Earth Explorer
International Cloud Atlas
NCAR RAL Real-Time Weather Data
Active Storm Cell Visualization -
RealEarth - SSEC
NWS Weather Forecast Offices Overview
NWS Public Geographic Areas of Responsibility [PDF]
NWS Damage Assessment Toolkit
SPC Publications
Featured Regional Climate Center Products
NOAA's Severe Weather Data Inventory Tile Search
Spatial Hazard Events and Losses Database for the United States [SHELDUS]
Historical Weather Polygon Plotter - Iowa Environmental Mesonet
Current Dew Points across SE U.S. - Plymouth State Weather Center
Five-minute ASOS Observations
Bufkit Data Distribution System - Penn St. Univ.


Storm Chasing Safety, Courtesy, and Responsibility
Severe Weather Safety Tips
Lightning Safety Tips
Storm Safe: Sheltering in Place - FEMA
Safest Places from Natural Disasters
Weather Fatalities Statistics
Weather Fatalities by Year (since 1940)
Lightning Science: Five Ways Lightning Strikes People
Email and SMS Weather Alert Services - National Weather Service
Hurricane Response Fact Sheets
How to Prepare for Power Outages

Numerical Weather Prediction/Mesonets:

Operations/Metadata/Model Schedules & Status:

Current Status of NCEP Model Production
Unified Surface Analysis Manual
Model Process Times and Descriptions - Netweather Community
NOAA/NCEI/NCEP Weather Model Descriptions
NCEP Products Inventory
Forecast Model Run Schedule - AccuWeather Forum
Weather Model Descriptions and Data - OpenWeatherMap
Article on model development "NOAA to develop new global weather model"
Weather Models 101
Principles of Numerical Weather Prediction
Weather Model Metadata - WeatherOnline
RAH NWP Reference
Public Release Notes on March 15, 2017 NAM Upgrade

Model Websites:

MeteoCentre: UQAM Montreal Weather Centre
MeteoCentre Cyclone Tracking
MeteoCentre Numerical Weather Prediction Maps
Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies [CIMSS]
WPC Surface Analysis Page
CoD Meteorology - Numerical Weather Model Data
Doug Simonian's Model Page - Global Ensemble Forecast System [GEFS] Model Data
Oklahoma Weather Lab [HOOT] Development Lab from Univ. of Oklahoma
Unisys Weather
NCEP Central Operations
WinterCast Computer Models List
Weather Model Data - California Nevada River Forecast Center [CNRFC]
NWS National Mosaic - Ridge2
Golden Gate Weather Forecast Models Loop Page
Model Links
The Weather Research & Forecasting Model - Sample Links
Plymouth State Weather Center - "Make Your Own"
TXTornado Model Page
"Twister" - Ohio State University
GFS-Initialized Pacific Northwest WRF Weather Forecasts - Univ. of Washington
NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed - 2017 Spring Forecasting Experiment
Real-time Weather Data - Colorado State Univ.
Weather and Climate Data - George Mason Univ.
Tomer Burg - GFS, NAM, and RTMA data

Long Range (~7-16 Days):

GFS, NAM, RAP runs from National Center for Atmospheric Research [NCAR]
Canadian Model [CMC] REG PCPN TYPE
Sutron GFS Point Data
WxCaster GFS Grid Page
DGEX Model Runs
Korea Meteorological Administration Model - GDAPS
Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center [FNMOC] Products (unsecured link)
Weathernerds GFS, ECMWF, HRRR, NAM, HWRF, and HMON Data

Short/Medium Range (~1-7 Days):

Hi-RES East WRF-NMM 4-km (Eastern U.S. Model Run)
Earth System Research Laboratory High Resolution Rapid Refresh [ESRL HRRR] Model Fields
Forecast Model Soundings
NWS Meteorological Development Lab Model Output Statistics [MOS] Forecast Products
Universal RAwinsonde Observation Program [RAOB]
Severe Thunderstorm Briefing Page
WeatherBell HRRR
The Weather Research & Forecasting Model
NCEP 4.0 km WRF-NMM run for SPC
CMC Global Deterministic Prediction System
Rapid Update Cycle [RUC]
High-Resolution Rapid Refresh [HRRR]
FIM Global Model
CIMSS Regional Assimilation System
CFS Severe Weather Guidance Dashboard
CFS SWGD Loop (see above)
NSSL WRF 4km grid
SPC IR/RAP/OBS Composite Map
NWS Blend of Models v3.0
WPC high-resolution medium-range forecast display

Ensemble Forecasts:

National Center of Environmental Prediction Short Range Ensemble Forecast Plumes [NC NCEP SREF]
SREF Plumes National Selection Grid
Meteogram Generator from Iowa State University NAM Forecast Meteograms
WxMaps Meteograms
HopWRF Ensemble
NCAR Ensemble Forecasts
NCAR Ensemble Sounding Viewer

Other Model Data/Private Models:

Tornado HQ
Storm Prediction Center WCM (Warning Coordination Meteorologist) Page
CIMSS Morphed Integrated Microwave Imagery [MIMIC] Total Precipitable Water Loop
Air Resources Laboratory - HYSPLIT Model (Air parcel trajectories)
HYSPLIT Trajectory Model - Track a Parcel
U.S. Tornado Outbreak Interface
f5Wx Development (Models for purchase)
ATMOGRAPH ModelVis - Advanced Earth Sciences Software
Man computer Interactive Data Access System [McIDAS]
MM5 Community Model - Penn State Univ.
Weather Prediction Center Surface Analysis Map Archive
The National Solar Radiation Database Data Viewer [NSRDB]
SPC Storm-Scale Ensemble of Opportunity
Surface and Upper Air Maps - SPC
Sounding Climatology Page - SPC
RTWX SPC Mesoanalysis Archive Animator
NWS DIFAX Weather Map Archive
IEM Cow Storm Based Warning Verification
NOAA/CIMSS ProbSevere Model
Forecaster's Toolbox - Weather Prediction Center
National Environmental Modeling and Analysis Center
New all-hazards ProbSevere model targets tornadoes, hail, wind
CUSF Landing Predictor 2.5
IBM's Deep Thunder Model
Panasonic Weather Solutions Introduces Panasonic Global 4D Weather


PYKL3 Radar [Paid]
Weather Defender [Paid]
RadarLab Imagery from weatherTAP [Paid]
WSV3 [Paid]
WXSpots Software [Free]
HurrEvac [Paid] [Paid]
Science on a Sphere [SOS] SOSx Lite 2.0 [Free]
Mars24 Sunclock — Time on Mars [Free]


Delaware Environmental Observing System [DEOS]
MesoWest Data - Univ. of Utah
West Texas Mesonet
Iowa Environmental Mesonet [IEM]
Kentucky Mesonet
North Carolina Environment and Climate Observing Network [ECONet]
Missouri Mesonet
New York State Mesonet
Florida Automated Weather Network [FAWN]
Georgia Weather Network
Oklahoma Mesonet
Nebraska Mesonet
Kansas Mesonet
North Dakota Agricultural Weather Network [NDAWN]
Central Minnesota Ag Weather Network
Montana Mesonet (Coming March 2017)
Automated Meteorological Data Acquisition System [AMeDAS] - Japan Mesonet

Tropical Weather Prediction:
National Hurricane Center
Hurricane Forecast Model Output (University of Milwaukee-Wisconsin)
Tropical RAMSDIS Online Satellite Imagery
Hurricane Intensity and Categories
CFSv2 Forecast Seasonal Sea Surface Temperature [SST] Anomalies
Hurricane Spaghetti Models
Tropical Cyclone Climatology
Coastal Flood Exposure Mapper
Skeetobite Weather
Anatomy of Hurricane Katrina Flooding
Experimental Forecast Tropical Cyclone Genesis Potential Fields - Florida State Univ.
NCEP/EMC Cyclogenesis Tracking Page
Experimental Tracks and Probabilities - Univ. at Albany, SUNY
ESRI How-To: Hurricane Map - Hurricane Tracker [Paid]
Documentation of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones Changes in HURDAT
Hurricane Climatological Potential Intensity Maps and Tables
Maximum Potential Hurricane Intensity
Kerry Emanuel Tropical Forecasting Products
Caribbean Radar Composite
Colorado State Univ. - Real-Time North Atlantic Ocean Statistics by Storm
Sea Surface Temperature Daily Composite - Gulf of Mexico - Rutgers Univ.
The Hurricane Severity Index
Aerial Reconnaissance in the North Atlantic Basin - TropicalAtlantic
Tropical Cyclone Radar Loops
Historical Hurricane Tracks -



Flooding and Inundation FAQs
ArcGIS Map - 100-Year Flood Zones
What is a 100-Year Flood?
Flooded Locations and Simulated Hydrographs Project [FLASH]
Flood Inundation Mapping and Alert Network [FIMAN]
Inundation Mapping Locations - NOAA
Southeast Regional Drought Monitor
Drought in My Backyard | U.S. Drought Portal
ACIS Drought Portal
U.S Drought Monitor Map from NCEI
National Integrated Drought Information System [NIDIS] Data, Maps & Tools
NIDIS Drought Monitor Graphics
National Drought Mitigation Center [NDMC] Drought Management Database (Univ. of Nebraska)
NDMC U.S. Drought Risk Atlas
NIDIS CRN/SCAN Soil Moisture Map

Precipitation/Water Pollution:

Rainfall Frequency Atlas
CoCoRaHS - Community Collaborative Rain, Hail & Snow Network
Current Month Daily Mean Rainfall Anomalies
NWS Live Precipitation Accumulation Tool
Precipitation Analysis - [AHPS] Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service
Ashley Cooper Stormwater Education Consortium
Solid Precipitation Intercomparison Experiment [SPICE]
Water Year Summary
Hurricane Matthew's Water Footprint - USGS
Find Water Polluters Near You - Toxic Waters NC
CHRS RainSphere - UC Irvine
Current Rainfall Totals Around North Carolina (1 Hour to 7 Day resolution)
NWS Ridge2 Past Precipitation Tool
3 Hour and 7 Day Rainfall Data from TRMM Satellite - NASA
NOAA Atlas 14 Point Precipitation Frequency Estimates: NC
Greatest observed point precipitation values for the USA
Carolinas Integrated Sciences & Assessments [CISA] Condition Monitoring Map
Current NWS Probable Maximum Precipitation (PMP) Documents

Inland Hydrology/Rivers/Water Quality:

Water-Resources data for the United States - USGS
What's the difference between a Lake and a Pond?
Locate Your Watershed
Information about the Neuse River Basin
What are HUCS?
Watershed Boundary Dataset
National Water Information System - USGS
Interactive Water Cycle
AHPS Raleigh, NC NWS Weather Forecast Office Hydrograph Selector
Integrated Water Portal - State Climate Office of North Carolina
North Carolina Watershed Stewardship Network
Water Resources Research Institute of the UNC System
The World's Water - USGS
Fluvial Design and the Role of River Morphology
USGS Streamer
"Mapping Three Decades of Global Water Change"
North Carolina Lakes, Rivers, and Water Resources -
SoundRivers - Neuse/Tar-Pamlico River Basins Nonprofit
Stolum Number - River Meanderiness
Office of Water Prediction
National Water Model Experimental Image Viewer
Little River Reservoir Schematic and Planning
Microplastics in our Nation's waterways

Coastal Hydrology/Tides/Oceanography:

How far does light travel in the ocean?
NOAA Tides & Currents
Cold Water Upwelling Along OBX - WeatherFlow
Naval Oceanography Portal
WWW Tide and Current Predictor
Development of a Coastal Salinity Index
NOAA Digital Coast
Archived Tides & Currents from Tropical Cyclones
Southeast Coastal Ocean Observing Regional Association [SECOORA]
SECOORA Data Portal
SECOORA Marine Weather Portal
East Florida Shelf HF Radar
Coastal Ocean Monitoring & Prediction System - Univ. of South Florida
Coastal Ocean Research and Monitoring Program [CORMP] - Univ. of North Carolina at Wilmington
Coastal Circulation and Ecosystem Nowcast/Forecast System for the South Atlantic Bight and Gulf of Mexico - NC State Univ.
Coupled Northwest Atlantic Prediction System [CNAPS] - NC State Univ.
CH3D Storm Surge Modeling System - Univ. of Florida
University of Miami/Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences Eastern Florida Shelf High Frequency Radar Operations
Coastal Emergency Risks Assessment Tool [CERA]
Mid-Atlantic Regional Association Coastal Ocean Observing System [MARACOOS]
Main Hawaiian Islands Multibeam Bathymetry and Backscatter Synthesis
NOAA Bathymetric Data Viewer
DeepReef Bathymetry Explorer
High-resolution Bathymetry for the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea
NOAA Ocean Explorer
Office of Coast Survey Chart Locator
Current Marine Data | Oceanweather Inc.
Physical Oceanography Division - NOAA/AOML TCHP (slow link)
Atlas of Ocean Wealth | Mapping Ocean Ecosystem Services
NOAA DigitalCoast Data Registry
Statistics and Projections on the Calving of the Larsen C Iceberg

Web Soil Survey
Soil Types
Basic Soil Moisture Terminology
Soils and Vegetation in North Carolina
Estimating Soil Texture
CPC Soil Moisture Monitoring
North Carolina Soil Surveys by County
United States Department of Agriculture [USDA]
North Carolina Agricultural Statistics
USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service [NASS] (North Carolina)
North Carolina Agricultural Review
Soil Texture Triangle
Soil Porosity
"Hitting Pay Dirt on Soil Moisture" - An article written by me on Soil Moisture
LandsatFACT Map Viewer
CropWatch - Univ. of Nebraska-Lincoln
CoCoRaHS Climate Resources for Master GardenersAgroClimate
2016 North Carolina State Agriculture Overview - USDA/NASS
North Carolina Agriculture Overview
Chill Hours - Raintree Nursery
U.S. Forest Service
Forest Inventory and Analysis National Program [FIA]
FIA Map Library
North Carolina 2012 USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map (plus several other maps)
Official Soil Series Descriptions and Series Classification
The Kudzu Bug
CropScape - Cropland Data Layer
VegScape - Vegetation Condition Explorer
Crop Data by County - USDA/NASS
2012 NC Census of Agriculture Publications
Published Soil Surveys for North Carolina Counties
Monitoring Vegetation Drought Stress - USGS
Soil Porosity Information
Soil Profile Descriptions - Univ. of Michigan
What is the difference between C3 plants and C4 plants?
Plant Types: C3 Plants, C4 Plants, and CAM Plants
Soil Moisture Active Passive Data
North Carolina Cooperative Extension
The World's Oldest Longleaf Pine Tree
Monitoring Soil Moisture for Optimal Crop Growth
UNCG Carolina Tree-Ring Science Laboratory
World Soil Resources Map Index
Digital Soil Mapping
Detailed Soil Atlas - West Virginia Univ.

Space Weather:

Solar Data/Monitoring/Eclipses:
Solar Position Calculator
Solar Dynamics Observatory Data
Solar Images at SDAC
SolarSoft Latest Events
NASA Eclipse Website
List of Solar Eclipses from 2011-2020
Solstice & Equinox Dates 2010-2019
Solar Cycle 24 (current) Prediction/Status
What is the Solar Cycle?
Real-time Solar Wind
Geospace Geomagnetic Activity Plot
Geospace Magnetosphere Movies
Geospace Ground Magnetic Perturbation Maps
D Region Absorption Predictions [D-RAP]
North American Total Electron Content
United States Region Total Electron Content
Relativistic Electron Forecast Model
Storm Time Empirical Ionospheric Correction
WSA-ENLIL Solar Wind Prediction
Wing Kp
Solar Terrestrial Dispatch - Real-time Space Weather Plots
Future solar eclipses in the 21st century
U.S. Climate Reference Network and the 2017 Total Solar Eclipse

Astronomical/Moon/Aurora Data/Light Pollution:

Apparent Disk of Solar System Object
Sun and Moon Data for One Day
Daylight Hours Explorer
Complete Sun and Moon Data for One Day
Zoomable Globe of the Moon
Astrogeology Science Center
Find the Magnetic Declination at your location
Calculate current distance from Earth to the Sun
Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera - Lunar Mosaic (Map of the Moon)
Aurora Forecast - Univ. of Alaska Faribanks
30-minute Aurora Forecast - SWPC
Light Pollution Map
Clear Sky Charts in North Carolina
Moon Phase Images - U.S. Navy
Lunar Impacts

Interstellar Activity/Celestial Bodies:

Current Location of Meteor Radiants
Stars and Celestial Bodies within 50 light years of Earth
Solar System Live
Solar System Scope
All Sky Camera
Deep Space Network NOW
Live Meteor Echoes - Listen to live meteors above your head!
Meteor Shower Calendar
American Meteor Society Glossary
Asteroid Database - Asterank
Near Earth Object Program Sentry Risk Table/Current Impact Risks
NASA Exoplanet Archive
"100,000 Stars"
Mars Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS)

Satellites/Space Travel/Miscellaneous:

Space Weather Prediction Center
Pronunciation Guide for Stellar and Interstellar Objects - Starry Night
Online Planetarium
Glossary of Solar-Terrestrial Terms
Livestream of the view from the International Space Station [ISS]
Current Position of the ISS - Live Satellite Tracking
2D Newtonian Gravity Simulator
Astronomy Picture of the Day
Polaris Project - Iowa State University
Space Weather Radio
Spaceflight Now
ATLAS Launch Reports
ABI Bands Quick Information Guides
GOES-R Media Resources
Sentinel-1 - European Space Agency [ESA]
ISWA Web App
SPACEFLIGHT NOW - Launch Schedule
NASA Football - Facts about Football and Outer Space
NASA's Eyes - Data Visualizations
Future Space Missions Graphic
How many people are in space right now?
View the current distance of spacecraft in the Voyager Interstellar Mission
High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment [HiRISE] (Mars)
HiRISE Images - August 2016
"The history of space exploration on a single space map"
Apollo 17 in Real-time
Current NASA Opportunity Map
The Astrobiology Periodic Tale
NASA Earth Observatory
Space Weather Education and Outreach
Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute - PARI

Air Quality/Air Pollution/Pollen:
Pollen Monitoring
Environmental Protection Agency [EPA]
North Carolina Visibility Map
Air Quality Index [AQI] Observations from
UV Index Forecast Bulletin
North Carolina Air Quality Static Map
Most Recent Pollen Report for Raleigh, NC
NWS Raleigh Air Quality Report
NC DEQ Air Quality
UV Index Forecast Graphic Map
Real-Time World Air Quality
National Weather Service Air Quality Forecast Guidance
North Carolina Air Quality Forecast Center
AirData Mart Access - EPA
NAB: Pollen & Spore Levels - South Atlantic
Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions - EPA
The Smog Blog - U.S. Air Quality
NC DAQ CMAQ Forecasts
Outdoor Air Quality Data - Multiyear Tile Plot
Indoor Air Quality in Your Home
AirData Air Quality Monitors Mapper
Infusing Satellite Data into Environmental Applications [IDEA]
EnviroFlash Air Quality Forecast Subscription [Free]
Environmental Defense Fund's Methane Map Project - City Snapshots




NCEP Centers:
National Centers for Environmental Prediction [NCEP]
Aviation Weather Center [AWC]
Climate Prediction Center [CPC]
NCEP Central Operations [NCO]
National Hurricane Center [NHC]
Ocean Prediction Center [OCP]
Storm Prediction Center [SPC]
Space Weather Prediction Center [SWPC]
Weather Prediction Center [WPC]
National Ice Center [USNIC]
Tsunami Warning Center [TWC]
Pacific Tsunami Warning Center [PTWC]
National Data Buoy Center [NDBC]
Environmental Modeling Center [EMC]
NOAA Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Division

Radar Data/Radar Technology/Optics:
NWS Continental United States [CONUS] Radar Mosaic
NWS (NC/VA) Radar Mosaic
NWS (Eastern NC/VA/SC) Radar Mosaic
Next-Generation Radar [NEXRAD] (NC/VA)
Southeastern U.S. Regional Radar
Intellicast Radar
Baron Weather - Interactive Radar Map
NWS Enhanced Data Display v4.0 [NWS EDD]
Radar Image Archive (Daily data dating back to 1996)
Mexico Radar
Radar Loop of a Mesoscale Cyclonic Vortex [MCV]
Article on the integration of SAILS and AVSET modifications into Doppler Radar
NSSL Radar Research Tools
Radar Meteorology - Online Remote Sensing Guide
A Brief History of Weather Radar - WDT - Weather Decision Technologies
Chaff on Radar Imagery
Vaisala Thunderstorm Manager
NWS Mobile EDD v3.3
"What would the sky look like if we could see all light wavelengths at once?"
"How rotating wind turbine blades impact NERAD Doppler Radar"
Understanding advanced tornadic radar signatures
Volume Coverage Patterns (VCPs)
Radar Observations - Univ. at Albany, SUNY
Radar and Satellite Data - Iowa State Univ.
NWS WSR-88D Radar Fundamentals
Polarimetric X-band 1000 Overview - Univ. of Oklahoma
Operational Uses for Spectrum Width data

Climate Data/Prediction/Resilience:

Climate Data/Information:

Climate Prediction Center [CPC]
Climate Prediction Center (New Beta Site)
National Climatic Data Center [NCDC]
Southeast Regional Climate Center [SERCC]
Cooperative Institute for Precipitation Systems [CIPS] Historical Analog Guidance
NWS Climate Site Selection
Seasonal Climate Forecasts CFSv2
El Nino Southern Oscillation [ENSO]
Monitoring Weather and Climate - CPC
Climate Reanalyzer
Cold and Warm Episodes by Season
Teleconnections Generator (NCDC Mapping and Analysis Web Tool)
Pacific-North American Pattern
IMERG - Global Precipitation Rates Video
NC Climate Retrieval and Observations Network of the Southeast Database [CRONOS]
Southeastern U.S. Climate Perspectives
Average Number of Severe Weather Days Per Year from 2003-2012
Storm Prediction Center Severe Weather Events Archive
United States Climate Atlas
United States Wind Climatology
Archived NWS Watches/Warnings
PRISM Climate Group Data Arrays - Northwest Alliance for Computational Science and Engineering
Climate (Physical Processes)
Climate Models - World Meteorological Organization [WMO]
NOAA MADIS Surface Observations
Meteorological Assimilation Data Ingest System [MADIS]
National Centers for Environmental Information [NCEI]
Climate Engine Beta
Southeast Climate Science Center
Western U.S. Climate Historical Summaries
Inflation Adjusted Annual Tornado Running Total
Climate Data Record (CDR) Explorer
U.S. Cities ranked by Annual Average Sunshine
The World Bank - Percent arable land and various other parameters
Phenology Maps
Tree Ring Analysis Climatology
NOAAView Data Exploration Tool
Fall Foliage Prediction Map
Daily Weather Records Data Tool
Climate Spirals - Climate Data Visualization
Tornado Climatology - Favorable patterns for tornado development by month
Temperature Anomalies Visualization
GHCN Comparative Climatic Data
NCEI Storm Data Publications
Historical Observing Metadata Repository [HOMR]
Driest Month of the Year Based on Climate Normals [jpg]
Wettest Month of the Year Based on Climate Normals [jpg]
Southeast Climate Perspectives Webtool
GIS Maps/Dataviewer - NCEI
Tornado Tracks Tool - Midwestern Regional Climate Center [MRCC]
AAO, AO, NAO, PNA Circulation Forecasts
CLIMAPS - Climate Maps of the U.S. using the 1961-1990 U.S. Climate Normals
Local Climatological Data Access/LCD/Comparative Analysis Data
Brian B's Climate Blog
ClimateBits - Univ. of Maryland
Independence Day Percentage of Rainfall Climatology
PAGES - Past Global Changes Project
Teaching Climate |
Three-Month Temperature Outlook (NWS RAH)
El Niño and La Niña Years and Intensities

Climate Change:

Surging Seas Database - Risk Zone Map
Climate Central
Southeastern U.S. Impacts from the 2014 National Climate Assessment
Significant Climate Anomalies - Global Analysis from NOAA
Global Land Temperature Visualization over 100 years - Halftone
The Keeling Curve (Atmospheric CO2)
Melting Permafrost Article
"July 2016 was ‘absolutely’ Earth’s hottest month ever recorded" Article
"What's Really Warming the World?" Interactive Charts
Arctic Sea Ice Figures - Zachary Labe
Human Health Impacts from Climate Change
Sea-Ice Image Files
GIF of annual CO2 at Mauna Loa
Earth's Temperature Timeline
Global Carbon Atlas
Methane Budget - Global Carbon Project
Article on a new branch in the Larsen C Ice Shelf
Yale Climate Opinion Maps - U.S. 2016
"China, India Become Climate Leaders as West Falters"
"Severe thunderstorms and climate change"
CarbonBrief - Climate Change Impacts Mapped
Climate Change and Chocolate
"As Climate Changes, Southern States Will Suffer More Than Others"
"As Alaska's North Slope warms, greenhouse gases have nowhere to go but up"
How would the world look like without ice?
SkepticalScience - Climate Change FAQs
Joy plots for climate change

Climate Resilience:

U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit
North Carolina Flood Risk Information System [FRIS]
NWS Local Climate Analysis Tool
C-CAP Coastal County Comparison Tool
National Adaptation Forum
The Climate Service
Climate Adaptation Knowledge Exchange [CAKE]
Fragile Cities Resilience Tool
"Want to Help Fight Climate Change? Try Eating Some Beans"
Depoliticizing Climate Change
"The most effective individual steps to tackle climate change aren't being discussed"

Other Weather Websites:
Old Farmer's Almanac
Stormtrack Forums & Discussion Boards Snow Depth and Percent Coverage Maps
Great Lakes Weather - Historical Weather and Weather Links Page (Extensive collection of weather information - one of the best I've seen!)
Oplao Weather
Dark Sky Web App
Earth Networks Realtime Data Viewer
Windyty - Wind Map and Forecast
Live Wind Map
SouthernWX Community Forum
TalkWeather Community Forum
Forecast Clash - Crowdsourced Weather Modeling
MeteoStar Weather Products
U.S. Model Charts





Winter Weather/Winter Forecasting:
NC Winter Storm Database
Snowfall/Meltwater Table | Snow Ratio Conversion
Earl Barker's Regional Snowfall Model Page (GFS, NAM)
WPD Probabilistic Winter Precipitation Guidance
TRENDs Precipitation-Type Nomogram Visualizer
Real-Time Nomogram Plots and Partial Thickness Data - NWSRAH
National Snow Analyses
Regional Snowfall Index [RSI]
CONUS Snowfall Analysis Map
National Operational Hydrological Remote Sensing Center [NOHRSC] Interactive Snow Information
Winter Storm Watches/Warnings Criteria
Rutgers University - Global Snow Lab
U.S. and Northern Hemisphere Snow Cover
Multisensor Snow/Ice Cover Maps: Southern Hemisphere
Experimental Snowfall Graphics from the NWS








Lightning/Atmospheric Electricity:
Article on Lightning Phenomenon and Atmospheric Electricty
Lightning and Atmospheric Electricity Research from Global Hydrology Resource Center [GHRC]
Vaisala Lightning Explorer
Real-Time Lightning Map
U.S. Precision Lightning Network [USPLN]
Mid-Atlantic Lightning Mapping Array
Australian Radar and Lightning Tracker
Lightning Data Catalog - NCDC
Recent Lightning GIF
NWA Lightning Detection Page
Sprites, Jets, and Elves (Yes, these are real lightning terms!)
The Science of Thunder - National Lightning Safety Institute - Real Time Lightning Maps and Lightning Exploration
United States Lightning Deaths and Statistics
Information and Schematics of Lightning Detectors
WeatherBug "Spark"
An 8 Year Lightning Climatology of North Carolina - [CIMMSE] Collaboration for Improved Meteorology in the Mid-Atlantic and Southeast
Lightning FAQ - [NSSL] National Severe Storms Laboratory
4km WRF Hourly Maximum Lightning Threat Forecast Loop
Lightning Amplitudes - ALDIS
"Lightning Characteristics and Lightning Strike Peak Current Probabilities as Related to Aerospace Vehicle Operations" [PDF]
Lightning - Arizona State Univ.
Lightning Time Sequence - Hyperphysics
Lightning Detection in Mobile Applications | USPLN
LIS/OTD 0.5 Degree High Resolution Full Globe Lightning Climatology (HRFC)
TRMM-LIS/OTD Gridded Lightning Climatology Data Sets
GOES-16 Geostationary Lightning Mapper Group Density

Environment/Energy/Alt. Energies:
InciWeb (Wildfires)
PINEMAP Decision Support System
Canadian Wildland Fire Information System
Active Fire Mapping Program
MADAS - AIST-ASTER: Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer dataset
Earth's Energy Imbalance - Climate Lab Book
U.S. Electricity Generation by Energy Source
North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality
Alternative Energy News and Current Events
Alternative Energies Pros and Cons
Ghost Energy/Phantom Load Calculator
National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy
Where Are Liquids Pipelines Located?
About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas
USA National Gas Price Heat Map
Carbon Footprint Calculator - The Nature Conservancy
BlueSky Daily Runs - Wildfire Smoke Forecast
Earth Update Data
Article on Wind Power Supplying over Half of the Great Plains' Energy in Sept. 2016
Data Tools, Apps, and Maps - U.S. Energy Information Administration
Coal Ash Basics - EPA
Solid Waste Permitted Facility List - NCDEQ
The Truth on Wind Power: Myth vs. Fact
What is Petroleum?
NRDC Spill Tracker
Pipeline Accident Reports
Windpark Krammer, Rutherford Farm, and the Great Western Wind Project
Impacts of Energy Sources
A partial list of products made from Petroleum
Atlantic Coast Pipeline and Supply Header Project Final Environmental Impact Statement





United States Geological Survey [USGS]
USGS Earthquake Map
Sea Level Station Monitoring Facility
Interactive Geology Project - University of Colorado Boulder
OneGeology Portal
Interactive Geologic Maps - NC DEQ
U.S. Volcanoes and Current Activity Levels
Hawaiian Volcano Observatory [HVO] Volcano Watch
Grand Prismatic Spring
Rapid Earthquake Viewer [REV]
Glossary of Seismology/Earthquake Terms
Stations with live Seismograms - Univ. of Utah
Live Seismograph
Global Seismographic Network - Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology [IRIS]
Seismological Laboratory - California Institute of Technology
Gemstone Database
Smithsonian Eruptions, Earthquakes, and Emissions Animations
Global Volcanism Program - Volcano Database Search
United States Interagency Elevation Inventory
NOAA Topography Explorer Grid Extract
"The Earth's Inside"
Glacial Isostatic Adjustment/Rebound
Abundances of the Elements in the Earth's Crust
Macrostat - Geologic Map
Earthquake Liquefaction Experiment
The Discovery of "Zealandia"
Mole Hills volcano in NE Virginia
Seismic Monitor - [IRIS]

Radio/Weather Sensors & Equipment:


Radio Station Finder
Why do some radio stations start with K and some with W?
NOAA All Hazards Radio Information
NOAA Weather Radio Online - Information on nearby antennas, radio, and TV towers
Voices Used on NOAA Weather Radio
FM Signal Locater - FM Fool
Zip Code Signal Strength - vSoft Communications
NOAA Weather Radio [NWR] Coverage in North Carolina
Radio Garden

Weather Sensors & Equipment:

R.M. Young Company
Campbell Scientific
Delta-T Devices
Decagon Devices
Scientific Sales Inc.
Equipment - Winding Way Weather
Can a Leaf Wetness Sensor Distinguish Fog From Dew?










Applied Meteorology/Miscellaneous:

Applied Meteorology/Meteorological Research:

The Tornado History Project
"Improving the Forecasting of High Shear, Low CAPE Severe Weather Environments" NCSU MEAS
National Severe Storms Laboratory [NSSL] - Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment-Southeast [VORTEX-SE]
European Storm Forecast Experiment [ESTOFEX] - How good will your sunrise/sunset be?
NC Heat Health Vulnerability Tool
Analysis of the correlation of seabird excretions to albedo
Summary of the April 2011 Tornadoes
"Overuse of Severe Thunderstorm Warnings"
"Displacement of Brown-headed Nuthatch habitat due to changing climate conditions"
"A look at all the tornado warnings since 2008" - U.S. Tornadoes
Miscellaneous figures and diagrams of tornado parameters and analysis
Tornadic Winds: In-situ and Radar observation at Low levels [TWIRL] Research
A look at tornadoes by rating (maps)
Storm Anxiety
Heat Island Community Actions Database
National Severe Storms Laboratory [NSSL] Projects Overview
PECAN: Plains Elevated Convection at Night (Former NSSL Project)
Researchers evaluating lightning data in Hazardous Weather Testbed
Fujita, Dr. Tetsuya Theodore "Ted", Papers, 1896-2003 and undated
Will Global Warming make Hurricane Forecasting more Difficult?
Quantum Weather

Meteorology in the News:

Article about tornado shelters along the Kansas Turnpike
Article on Record Energy Use in the Carolinas in late July 2016
"The Secrets of Weather Forecast Models, Exposed" - AccuWeather Article
NOAA News Online Story about a Supercomputer Update in 2007
NOAA's 200th Anniversary Website [circa 2007]
10 Facts About the Internet's Undersea Cables
"Why are weathermen called meteorologists?" Article
What Bottled Water Costs the Environment—and Your Health Article
"Top 19 geovisualization tools, APIs and libraries that will let you create beautiful web maps"
"Thunderstorm Asthma"
"What will the world actually look like at 1.5 degrees of warming?"
"Antarctic CO2 Hit 400 PPM For First Time in 4 Million Years"
"Reprocessing the Most Intense Historical Tropical Cyclones in the Satellite Era Using the Advanced Dvorak Technique"
"A scientist and a supercomputer re-create a tornado"
"U.S. Senate passes comprehensive bipartisan bill to improve weather forecasting"
H.R.353 - Weather Research and Forecasting Innovation Act of 2017
"Ronald Reagan’s near brush with weather-induced death: the August 1, 1983 microburst"
"A World Record Low Humidity? 116°F With a 0.36% Humidity in Iran"
"Large Canadian Arctic climate change study cancelled due to climate change"
"Weather information relating to D-Day and Operation Overlord"
"Scientists Look to Skies to Improve Tsunami Detection"
"Climbing Temperatures Are Keeping People Awake at Night"
"Why are weathercasters so hung up on dew points?"
"NASA Satellite Sees Air Pollution from Fireworks on July 4th"
"Experimental model predicted tornado's path hours, not minutes, before it formed"
"It’s Not Your Imagination. Summers Are Getting Hotter."
"Why so many Atlanta Braves rain delays? Science could explain."


All NWS Warnings and their colors
FAA Airport Diagrams
"Identify the Airport Diagram" Quiz
WebGL Fluid Experiment
F5 and EF5 Tornadoes of the United States (Since 1950)
Hail Roar
Next Generation Weather Lab - Text Products
Mass-Energy Scale Explanation - (E=mc^2 Explained)
Google Distance Calculator
Aviation Digital Data Service - METARs
Severe Weather Warnings Page - College of DuPage Meteorology​
FlightRadar24 (Live air traffic)
NWS BUFKIT Version 15.11.2
United States Restricted Air Space Map
Old Maps Online raw data sources
The Decommissioning of National Weather Radar Testbed's Phased Array Radar (PAR) - Aviation Information
Antipodes Map [Find exact opposite points on the planet]
Amtrak/VIA Real Time Location Map
Idealized world map with true size proportions
U.S. Zip-code Map
Google Crisis Map
International Charter Space & Major Disasters
International Charter Space & Major Disasters - Hurricane Matthew Recap
Hurricane Matthew Data Resources: Quick Snapshot
The Globe of Bird Migration
ShipMap - Global Cargo Ship Visualization
FV3: Finite-Volume Cubed-Sphere Dynamical Core
Ancient Earth Globe
The Megaregions of the United States
Different Scales and Projections of Earth's Surface
"Spatial Analysis of Raster data - An Antarctic Example"
INRIX Global Traffic Scorecard
North Carolina's New and Future Interstates
Total Land/Water Area and Ranking of U.S. States
2010 Census Urban and Rural Classification and Urban Area Criteria
FEWS-NET Population Explorer
2017 Infrastructure Report Card
High Altitude Balloon Project
"Dynamics and circulation regimes of terrestrial planets"
BOEM Northern Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Bathymetry Grid from 3D Seismic
FY2018 - NOAA Budget Summary
DaftLogic Google Maps Find Altitude
A global multiproxy database for temperature reconstructions of the Common Era
"I Built a Stable Planetary System with 416 Planets in the Habitable Zone"
Explore Your Community's Characteristics by Zip Code
How "Cool" is the Eclipse?
North Carolina Biodiversity Project
Build Your Own Earth - Univ. of Manchester
MarineTraffic: Global Ship Tracking Intelligence